Names of colors and shades

A palette of colors and shades usedArtists and designers, is simply amazing. And thanks to the changing tendencies of the fashionista of the whole world, also diligently study the color schemes, as well as fashion magazines. So, the usual yellow color is divided into: mustard, gold, lemon, saffron, canary, pear, corn, chartreuse, spring bud, dahlias, mandarin, antique gold ... and this is not a complete list of its shades! How to understand the existing variety of shades, and most importantly - do you need it at all? After all, the perception of color is purely subjective, it is influenced not only by cultural factors, but also by physiological factors (the ability of the eye to distinguish the nuances of color varies from person to person in nature). In addition, the shade may appear warmer or colder depending on the colors surrounding it.

In this article we will talk about colors and shades, their names, and also tell you about the intricacies of combining different shades of color.

Cold colors and shades

In order to demonstrate the continuityTransitions of colors and shades, the color wheel is used. It is based on three colors: red, yellow and blue. When mixing these colors with each other, we get intermediate colors: orange, green and purple. All other shades are obtained by mixing these colors among themselves, as well as with black and white.

There are three main ways to display the color wheel, although, in fact, they represent the same thing.

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The basis of cold colors is a bluish subtle. If you look at the color, you can imagine that through it shines blue, gray or blue - this shade is cold.

Cold colors are:

  • Dark red;
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  • cochineal;
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  • scarlet;
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  • Alizarinic;
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  • crimson;
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  • Cardinal;
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  • Magenta;
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  • eggplant;
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  • Wisteria;
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  • citric;
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  • Taup;
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  • jade;
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  • aquamarine;
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  • indigo;
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  • Prussian blue;
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  • Grid-reel;
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  • Anthracite;
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  • Marengo.
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Warm colors

It should be borne in mind that the perception of many shadesDepends on the colors nearby. The expression "everything is known in comparison" for color temperature is very relevant. Even among the shades of one temperature scale, one can find warmer and colder ones. The easiest way to compare shades with neutral (for example, white). Warm shades of color in this case will have a "reflection" of yellow, red or pink.

These include:

  • cinnabar;
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  • Titanium;
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  • orchid;
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  • Tangerine;
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  • mustard;
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  • Pear;
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  • saffron;
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  • golden;
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  • chocolate;
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  • ocher;
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  • vanilla;
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  • olive;
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  • lavender;
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  • amethyst.
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In addition, there are also so-called neutral colors:

  • silver;
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  • wet asphalt;
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  • thistle;
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  • green moss;
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  • green mint (mint).
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For the right combination of colors and shades, you should learn to distinguish warm tones from cold ones. There are three ways to create color compositions.

For the first one, several shades of the same color are selected. This method is suitable for creating discreet, elegant ensembles.

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For the second combine adjacent colors (located side by side on the color wheel).

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In the third method, additional colors (located on opposite parts of the color wheel) are used. In this way, the most catchy, spectacular compositions are produced.

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As you can see, it is still worth learning how to distinguishwarm and cold colors and shades, but the names of each of the dozens of tones and halftones to memorize by heart is not necessary. Even if you are a stylist or designer, it will be easier to carry several color palettes with names than to constantly keep the colors in memory. In addition, it is much easier to show an example of color, rather than trying to explain what the difference between, for example, Indian red, salmon and light coral.