This fact is little known, but for a long time differentTypes of diabetes mellitus were attributed to various diseases. They shared one thing in common: an increase in the level of sugar in the blood. To date, there are new details that explain the appearance of this disease.
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Type 1 diabetes, or insulin-dependent, occursIs quite rare and accounts for 5-6% of the total number of people with diabetes. The disease can be called hereditary, some scientists explain it by a mutation of a certain gene responsible for producing the pancreas of insulin. There are suggestions that the diabetes is of a viral origin, but no doctor can name the exact reason. Directly to the development of the disease leads to the loss of the pancreas ability to produce a hormone insulin, responsible for the regulation of metabolic processes in the body. First of all, it affects the level of glucose in the blood, but the disease affects absolutely all systems. Violated water-salt balance, the general hormonal background, the assimilation of food and nutrients.
Typically, type 1 diabetes manifests itself in childhood and adolescence, so the second name for the disease is "juvenile diabetes." The patient needs insulin injections.Diabetes of the second type
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is caused by the fact thatInsulin, properly produced by the pancreas, ceases to be absorbed by the body, that is, it begins to regulate the blood sugar and other parameters of its composition worse. The disease also has a hereditary nature, but it can also be caused by secondary factors. In the risk group are such categories of the population:
- Representatives of the Mongoloid race and mixed marriages;
- Representatives of the Negroid race and mixed marriages;
- Blood relatives of diabetics;
- People over 45;
- People who are obese;
- Adherents of fast food and owners of bad habits.
Since insulin is produced by the body,
How many types of diabetes do you know? In fact, the disease has more than 20 different manifestations and each of them can be designated as a separate disease. But the most common forms are type 1 and 2 diabetes, as well as gestational diabetes, which is sometimes called type 3 diabetes. It is about raising the blood sugar level in pregnant women. After delivery, the situation is normalized.