Among the most common endocrineDiseases, especially in women, there are nodes in the thyroid gland. According to health statistics, this disease affects more than 50% of the world's population. At the same time, it is problematic to detect nodes at an early stage, they palpate only in 5-7% of cases.
What is a node in the thyroid gland, what are the causes of it?
The neoplasm in question isA modified tissue of the organ itself or the growth of the surface of the thyroid gland. In 95% of diagnostic activities it turns out that the tumor is benign in nature and does not pose a health hazard. The compacted gland tissue contains a capsule or the like.
It is worth noting that neither the size of the nodes, nor theirThe amount or level of hormones produced does not affect the nature of the tumor, so the benign seal does not become a malignant species.
To put the correct diagnosis in this caseYou can use ultrasound for echogenicity. So, the isoechoic node of the thyroid gland indicates minor changes in the tissue of the organ, one might say, excludes cancer. Still such indicators confirm, that the capsule contains the minimum quantity of a liquid or it in general is absent. A hypoechoic thyroid node indicates a high likelihood of a malignant process and significant trophic changes in the tissues.
Among the common causes of the appearance of the described pathology are:
- Lack of iodine in the body;
- Predisposition at the genetic level;
- Exposure to a large number of X-rays or radiation;
- Permanent intoxication with toxic chemical compounds.
Symptoms of a node on the thyroid
A long period of time, the disease is practically not felt. After a few months, symptoms of thyroid disease and growth of the nodes may appear:
- Drowsiness and fatigue;
- Irritability, nervous instability;
- Disorders of the functioning of the digestive system, constipation;
- Fragility of hair, their dryness;
- Rapid change in body weight;
- Pain in the muscles;
- Hot flashes or colds to the limbs;
- Dry skin;
- A hoarse voice;
- Difficulties in the process of swallowing food;
- The appearance of venous and vascular networks.
Treatment of thyroid nodules
If the examined tumor does not causeDiscomfort during swallowing, breathing, does not affect the production of hormones and is not noticeable visually, special therapy is not prescribed. It is required only regular observation at the endocrinologist (visit 1 time in 3-6 months). In rare cases, for the elimination of the node, conservative drug treatment with thyroxine is used. Under the influence of this hormone, the tumor decreases or completely disappears.
Removal of thyroid nodules is performedOnly in the presence of a pronounced symptomatology, and also when a malignancy of the tumor is detected. After the operation, long-term maintenance hormonal therapy and monthly follow-up at the endocrinologist will be required.
Consequences of nodes in the thyroid gland
As already indicated, in most casesThe described pathology has no negative complications. In rare situations, especially with concomitant endocrine diseases, the following consequences may occur:
- Joining the infection, and, as a consequence, the development of the inflammatory process, suppuration;
- Enlargement of lymph nodes, pain in the neck;
- Compression of surrounding tissues, difficulty breathing;
- Systemic intoxication.
After an adequate course of treatment, all symptoms are eliminated, even with malignant neoplasm, the prognosis remains favorable.