About 20% of the world's population havepredisposition to frequent disorders of digestive processes. An intestinal disorder can have various causes and clinical manifestations, most of which are associated with pathologies of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity. Also, this problem often arises from unexplained factors.
Causes of Intestinal Disease
Usually the pathology under consideration develops against the background of the following diseases and conditions:
- Parasitic infestations;
- bacterial and viral intestinal infections;
- fungal lesions of mucous membranes;
- irritation of the intestinal wall due to dysbiosis;
- individual intolerance to some food;
- poisoning with poor-quality food or chemicals;
- malfunctions in the nervous system and stress;
- Long-term use of antibiotics;
- malnutrition with predominance of fatty, heavy food;
- binge eating;
- frequent and heavy use of alcohol;
- endocrine and hormonal disorders.
It is also often found such a phenomenon as irritable bowel syndrome. The exact causes of this disease are unknown, there are assumptions about its psychogenic nature.
Symptoms of functional bowel disorder
The main clinical signs of the described syndrome:
- Bloating and flatulence;
- painful sensations in the epigastric zone, especially in the morning;
- disorders of stools in the form of diarrhea;
- constant rumbling in the intestines;
- pain in the rectum;
- false desires for defecation (tenesmus);
- periodic constipation after diarrhea;
- presence of thick mucus, veins and inclusions of undigested food in feces;
- feeling of incomplete evacuation of the intestine, even with frequent trips to the toilet;
- increased pain syndrome after eating and under the influence of stress;
- heaviness in the stomach;
- nausea and eructation, sometimes - short-term vomiting.
What can you eat when you have an intestinal disorder?
Unlike other digestive pathologiestract, strict diets are not prescribed for this problem. It is important to develop an individual approach - to find out which products produce a negative reaction, and completely exclude them from the diet.
- Eat a little, but 4-5 times a day.
- Make a varied menu with enough carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
- Chew the food carefully and slowly.
- Replace most of the animal fats with vegetable oils.
- Refuse sweet carbonated drinks, alcohol and reduce the amount of coffee consumed.
- Avoid fried and sharp, too fatty dishes.
- Limit the consumption of flour products.
- Increase the number of vegetables, cereals, fruits and berries in the diet.
- Every day, drink herbal teas.
- Consume sufficient fluid.
More detailed instructions for making the menu will give the gastroenterologist after finding out the individual characteristics of the patient.
Medications for bowel disorder
In the treatment of the presented disease, various drugs are used:
2. Astringent (for diarrhea):
3. Laxatives (with constipation):
4. Rehydration solutions:
- The tour;
- Activated carbon;
In addition, a physician can prescribe antimicrobial tablets from an intestinal disorder to treat a bacterial infection, for example, Levomycetin, Ftalazol, Ersefuril.
In the presence of diseases of the digestive system, which periodically provoke the problem, it is important to first carry out their therapy.