Even today, scientists have difficulty withthe definition of the causes of ovarian cystoma. However, in the course of numerous studies it has been established that predisposing factors to its development are:
- hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries;
- herpesvirus type 2
- chronic diseases of the reproductive system (colpitis, oophoritis, endometritis);
- mammary cancer.
In addition, the following pattern was established: the incidence of pathology increased dramatically in women in the period of premenopause and menopause.How to define or determine cystoma independently?
As such, direct symptoms of development in the bodyOvarian cysts do not exist. In some cases, patients can complain of drawing, aching pain in the lower abdomen. With this pathology, menstrual function disorder, as a rule, is not observed.
In most cases, the pathology is detected by ultrasound, and often by accident.What is dangerous ovarian cyst and how to treat it?
Any doctor who finds a woman with a left cystovary, will insist on its removal. This is due to the fact that this benign tumor can degenerate into a malignant over time. In addition, after a routine gynecological examination, it is impossible to determine the nature of this pathology without taking a sample for biopsy. According to statistics, in 8 out of 10 cases of the disease, the pathology turns into a malignant form.
In addition, there is a high probability of complications, the main one of which is the torsion of her legs with a cyst.
In severe cases, the development of suppuration of the cystoma is possible. It occurs in cases where the infection penetrates into the formation itself, directly from the intestinal tract, as well as with the blood and lymph flow.
Operation with cystoma of the left ovary is performednot always, it is possible to treat without it. Such methods of treatment include chemo- and radiation therapy. The first is carried out in the case of the transition of cystoma to a malignant tumor, the second - when there is a large risk of cancer.