One of the most famous landmarks inthe capital of Great Britain, London is the British National Museum, which belongs to the most famous in the world, visiting which you can get acquainted with the cultural heritage of ancient Rome, Greece, Egypt and many other countries that were part of the British Empire.
This museum was created in 1759, based onPrivate collections of the President of the British Academy of Sciences Hans Sloan, the antiquary of Robert Cotton and the Earl of Robert Harley, who donated them in 1953 to the National Foundation of England.
Where is the British National Museum?
The British Museum was originally located inmansion Montague House, where the exhibits could be visited only by the selected audience. But after the construction in 1847 at the same address of the new building, the British Museum became available completely free to anyone who wished. The world's most famous museum of England is located all the same: in the central area of London Bloomsbury, near the garden square, on the Great Russell Street, which is very easy to reach by metro, regular buses or by taxi.
Exhibits of the British National Museum
Thanks to archaeological excavations anddonations from private collections, at the moment the collection of the museum has more than 7 million exhibits located in 94 rooms, with a total length of about four kilometers. All the exhibits presented in the British Museum are divided into such departments:
- Ancient Egypt - the largest collection of Egyptian culture inthe world famous for the statue of Ramses II of Thebes, sculptures of the gods, stone sarcophagi, "Books of the Dead", a large number of papyri with literary works of different times and historical records, as well as the Rosetta stone, on which the text of the ancient decree is carved.
- Antiquities of the Near East - exhibits from the life of the ancientpeoples of the Middle East (Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, Akkad, Palestine, Ancient Iran, etc.). Contains very interesting expositions: a collection of cylindrical seals, monumental reliefs from Assyria and more than 150 thousand clay tablets with hieroglyphics.
- The Ancient East - consists of a collection of sculptures, ceramicproducts, engravings and paintings of the countries of South and South-East Asia, as well as the Far East. The most famous exhibits are the Buddha's head from Gandhar, the statuette of the goddess Parvati and the bronze bell.
- Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome - introduces beautiful collections of antiquesculptures (especially from the Parthenon and from the sanctuary of Apollo), ancient Greek ceramics, bronze objects from Egeida (3-2 thousand BC) and works of art from Pompeii and Herculaneum. The masterpiece of this section is the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus.
- Prehistoric antiquities and monuments of Roman Britain - tools of labor, from the mostprimitive existed in the Celtic tribes and ending with the era of Roman rule, a collection of bronze objects and a unique silver treasure found in Mildenhall.
- Monuments of Europe: the Middle Ages and the new time - here are collectedworks of arts and crafts related to the period from 1 to 19 centuries, and various knight armor with weapons. Also in this department is the largest collection of watches
- Numismatics - exhibited collections of coins and medals, containing from the very first samples to modern ones. In total, this department has over 200 thousand exhibits.
- Engravings and drawings - acquaints with drawings, sketches and engravings of such famous European artists as: B. Michelangelo, S. Botticelli, Rembrandt, R. Santi, and others.
- Ethnographic - consists of objects of everyday life and culture of the peoples of America, Africa, Australia and Oceania, since the time of their discovery.
- British Library - the largest library in the UK, its funds hold more than 7 million printed publications, as well as many manuscripts, maps, music and scientific journals. For the convenience of the readers, 6 reading rooms have been created.
Due to the wide variety of exhibits exhibited, when visiting the British National Museum, every tourist will find something interesting for himself.